The agreement stipulates that it would only enter into force (and therefore fully operational) if 55 countries emitting at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list established in 2015)  ratify, accept, approve or accede to the agreement.   On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, made a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris climate agreement.   175 parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its entry for signature.   On the same day, more than 20 countries made a declaration of intention to accede as soon as possible in order to accede in 2016. With ratification by the European Union, the agreement obtained enough parts to enter into force on 4 November 2016. In this context, the Paris Agreement includes provisions to improve the capacity building framework.  The agreement recognises the different circumstances of some countries and notes in particular that the technical expert review for each country takes into account that country`s specific reporting capacity.  The agreement also develops an initiative to enhance transparency to help developing countries put in place the institutions and processes necessary to comply with the transparency framework.  The agreement is ambitious and offers all the instruments we need to fight climate change, reduce emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change. . . .