ACMEISM: A 1912 Russian poetry movement that reacts against the symbolist movement (Harkins 1). Acmeists protested against the mystical tendencies of the symbolists; they resisted the ambiguity of poetry and called for a return to precise and concrete images. The prominent members of the movement are Nikolai Gumilyov and Sergei Gorodetsky. It has been said that the buckler, bow and spear must continue the arms of poetry. ANAPEST: A foot or a unit of poetry composed of two light syllables followed by a single highlighted syllable. Some English words and phrases that represent anapests contain the following examples: understanding, interrupting, understanding, anapest, New Rochelle, contradicting, „get a life,“ condescending, Coeur d`Alene, „in the blink of an eye“ and so on. Anapestic meter consists of lines of poetry that follow this pattern of „light stress, mild stress, severe stress“. For example: „The Assyrian came as a W`lf on the F`ld“ (Mr. Byron, „The Destruction of Sennacherib“ or „Oh, he flies through the air with the greatest ease.“ See the detailed discussion below the meter. Click here to download a manual pdf that contrasts anapests with other types of metric feet. Note that for Shakespeare in the 16th century, the use of Thy and yours is not particularly archaic, but for John Updike in the 20th century, the use of Thy and yours is certainly archaic. Spenser, a chaucer enthusiast, imitated in his poem The Faerie Queen of the 15th century With Archaismen the spelling and language of the Chaucerien of the 14th century.
The translators of the king-james version of the Bible (1611) revived archaisms to give weight and dignity to the sound passages. Later in the 17th century Milton occupied Latina archaisms in Paradise Lost, until imitating the periodic structure of sentences, which was preferred by classical Roman poets, although Latin was in its time a dead language. Coleridge, Keats, William Morris and Tennyson also used archaisms to produce pseudo-middle-age effects in certain poems such as the King`s Tennyson idyll (1842-1885). This trend in 19th century poetry reflects the growth of pseudo-middle-columbiat visual arts romantized under the pre-elites of the 19th century. An advanced example of intentional archaism appears in Keats` The Eve of St. Mark (circa 1819). In one section, Bertha`s character reads a legend of „Saint Mark,“ and Keats switches to archaism to reproduce the imaginary text in a language imitating that of the 14th century: poets had an important position in pre-Islamic Arab society with the poet or Sha`ir, who fulfilled the role of historian, seer and propagandist. The words in praise of the tribe (qit`ah) and lampoons that denigrate other tribes (hija`) seem to have been some of the most popular forms of primitive poetry.